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Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur when sudden trauma, such as a blow or strike to the head, causes damage to the brain. This type of injury can occur in motor vehicle accidents, violent acts, sports injuries, workplace accidents and serious falls.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 1.7 million Americans suffer from TBIs every year, resulting in 52,000 fatalities and 275,000 hospitalizations. Injuries can range in from mild concussions to severe cognitive damage.

TBIs can also be classified by the manner of injury:

  • Penetrating injuries — This injury occurs when a foreign object pierces the skull and enters the brain. Causes include gunshots to the head, falls and motor vehicle accidents. The injury is often localized to the specific areas of the brain in the path of the object.
  • Closed head injuries — This injury results from a blow to the head that causes a jarring of the brain against the skull. Injuries can result in primary brain damage, such as hematomas and contusions, as well as secondary brain damage, which evolves over time.

Serious brain injuries often require long-term hospitalization and rehabilitation. They may even result in permanent cognitive, emotional and functional impairments, such as memory loss, attention deficit, speech difficulties and personality changes.

If you suspect someone else's wrongful or negligent conduct may be to blame for an injury to you or a loved one, it is important to talk to an experienced personal injury lawyer at the Law Offices of John E. Hill, a Professional Corporation. You may be entitled to compensation for your financial and emotional losses.

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